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UCO - NEWS

Concrete made from coal ashes proves to be just as resistant as concrete from quarry aggregates 

A University of Cordoba research team in partnership with the University of Navarra successfully uses waste from thermoelectric plants instead of natural resources to make concrete for structural use and demonstrates that it has the same characteristics for construction.

Overexploitation of quarries in order to obtain sand and gravel needed to produce concrete is currently one of the most challenging environmental issues. Rocks are not inexhaustible, though they may seem. So, for years the scientific community has been searching for a way to manufacture concrete without depleting the Earth’s crust. This is done by approaching the issue from different perspectives. This is the case of two University of Cordoba research teams that worked together in order to obtain a material that is just as sturdy and durable, but more sustainable. This was done by chemists and engineers working closely together.

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The chromosome responsible for asparagus gender is characterized

A University of Cordoba research project draws a genetic map of garden asparagus  and marks the chromosome determining gender

Garden asparagus is, from a financial perspective, the most important asparagus species of all. Its cultivation area is equal to that of garlic, carrots and eggplants, making it decisive for the asparagus sector. 

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Molecule flight speed is the new key for detecting drugs

The University of Cordoba is participating in the development of an analytical methodology able to quickly differentiate cannabinoids in plant material and in waste remaining after being manipulated 

The presence of cannabinoids in different textile and pharmacological goods and the need to distinguish them from those found in drugs and psychotropics has led to the development of different analytical techniques that allow for effectively differentiating them. 

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In pursuit of a supersheep

A research group at the University of Cordoba Genetics Department has analyzed gene variation in five Spanish sheep meat breeds as the first step to increase profitability in livestock

How could a sheep farmer’s job be made easier if they had a tool to choose the meat breed best suited to their needs beforehand? Much money and time would be saved by using a panel of markers to select a breed with genes associated with meat production. Finding an efficient and cost effective way to do so led the AGR-2018 “Improving and conserving genetic resources of domestic animals” research group to count sheep and above all, to analyze the genetic variability of their RNA (ribonucleic acid).

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A new harvester decreases the cost of olive picking in traditional olive groves

The University of Cordoba Mechanization and Rural Technology research group designed a harvester that improves the profitability of traditional olive farming

Productive traditional olive groves, which make up 70% of Andalusian olive farming, are in a complicated situation in terms of financial sustainability. The lack of mechanization so vital to picking olives has made new already-mechanized plantations such as intensive and superintensive olive groves surpass traditional olive groves, which still spend 40% of their harvesting budgets on picking. 

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The best spies in the skies analyze Mellaria

 

The University of Cordoba HUM-882 Archaeology research group has used an Italian radar network to analyze the territory of the ancient Roman city near the Upper Guadiato River 

They were designed to carry out military espionage and ended up becoming one of the greatest allies of cultural heritage. They were created by the Italian government and ended up working for a Spanish university. Although, in their new mission, in an almost poetic way, they maintain a certain link to their Italian origin. In the end, the network of satellites dubbed COSMO-SkyMed (COnstellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation) has analyzed 49 km2 within the territory containing an ancient Roman city: Mellaria, located within the township of Fuente Obejuna, in the province of Cordoba, whose habitants are still called melarienses [Mellarians] today. 

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The proven effectiveness of an educational program that reduces cyberbullying among adolescents

 

The Universities of Cordoba, Jaen and Seville have developed and assessed the program called “Asegúrate” [Take care of yourself] designed to modify negative online behavior, and have proven that it reduces bullying by close to 20%. 

Misinformation and lack of supervision when using the internet and social media is leading to an increase in cyberbullying among teens. In addition, there are the phenomena of addictive behavior and sexting (sending messages with erotic or sexual content via mobile phones or social networks). Correcting this kind of behavior is what concerns teachers and the scientific community, who are intent on finding the best way to put a stop to it.

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Artificial intelligence saves water for water users associations

A research group at the University of Cordoba has developed a model based on artificial intelligence techniques that can predict how much water each water user will use
Agriculture uses 70% of the water in the world and this appears to be an upward trend regarding water needs. In this context in which the demand in other industry sectors is increasing as well and the effects of climate change influence ever-increasing water shortages, water saving measures have become an unavoidable challenge if we want to maintain the sector and preserve life.

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Low-cost formulas in the manufacturing of non-stick food molds

A University of Córdoba research group designs a new way to manufacture molds allowing small and medium-sized businesses to improve their creativity
There is good news for amateur bakers of cakes, muffins and pastries made in extravagant shapes and small and medium-sized baking businesses. Molds will cease to be a problem if the system designed by a University of Cordoba Belmez Polytechnic School research group progresses. This system manufactures non-stick food molds at a low cost.

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Putting oneself in another person’s place is the best antidote against prejudice

Research performed by a team at the School of Education at the University of Cordoba shows an indirect relationship between empathy and the development of prejudices by means of personality and ideological attitudes
This is a subject that is hard to define and harder still to conceptually frame as the subject of a study, due to the overlap with other traits like emotional intelligence or kindness. According to some theories, it is roughly “putting yourself in another person’s shoes.” University of Cordoba Education Professor José Luis Álvarez Castillo defines empathy as “the ability to see things from another person’s perspective from a cognitive and emotional point of view.” That is to say, to imagine and understand other people’s beliefs and opinions and experience their feelings and emotions, understanding and feeling the world through their eyes.

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