Cyberbulling-Questões e desafíos atuais

Contenido principal del artículo

Teresa Pessoa
João Amado

Resumen

A evolução que se tem verificado ao nível das Tecnologias da Informação e da Comunicação (TIC) têm tido impacto significativo no quotidiano, muito particularmente na vida dos jovens. Se de facto o desenvolvimento de ferramentas tecnológicas constitui, por um lado, vantagem para a construção de projetos e cenários educativos inovadores e medeia, com vantagens significativas, a forma como as crianças e jovens se expressam, comunicam, constroem a sua identidade é também inegável, por outro lado, e comumente reconhecido que a par destas vantagens há riscos importantes associados à utilização da Internet e das TIC – como é o caso do cybebullying!

Neste artigo reflectem-se as principais linhas de investigação que se produziram, nos últimos anos, na área do Cyberbullying. Apresenta-se assim, neste trabalho, uma leitura critica e fundamentada na recente investigação, de alguns temas relevantes nesta área de investigação, nomeadamente a definição do conceito de cyberbullying, a caracterização dos atores envolvidos, a referenciação das tecnologias usadas, a identificação e descrição dos comportamentos associados, bem como o alcance, a prevalência e o impacto do fenómeno e das emoções e sentimentos associados. Finalmente tecem-se alguns comentários relativos às dificuldades da investigação sobre a temática e aos desenvolvimentos da mesma no futuro.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Pessoa, T., & Amado, J. (2014). Cyberbulling-Questões e desafíos atuais. EDMETIC, 3(2), 29-51. https://doi.org/10.21071/edmetic.v3i2.2888
Sección
Artículos

Citas

AKBULUT, Y. & ERISTI, B. (2011). Cyberbullying and vitimisation among Turkish university students. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(7), 1155-1170.

ARICAK, O.T. (2009).Psychiatric symptomatology as a predictor of cyberbullying among university students. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 34, 167-184.

AMADO, J. MATOS, A, PESSOA, T. (2012). Working with parents: principles and strategies for training. In T. Jäger, C. Stelter, M. O’Moore, L. Corcoran & N. Crowley (Ed.). Taking Action Against Cyberbullying - A Training Manual for Trainers working with Parents. Landau: Verlag Empirische Pädagogik.Retrieved from http://ct4p.zepf.eu/manual-en.pdf

AVILÉS, J.M. (2013). Bullying y Cyberbullying: Apuntes para la elaboración de un Proyecto Antibullying. Convives, Revista Digital de la Asociación CONVIVES, 3,.4-15

BELSEY, B. (2006). Cyberbullying: An emerging threat to the “always on” generation. Retrieved from http://www.cyberbullying.ca/pdf/Cyberbullying_Article_by_Bill_Belsey.pdf

BERAN, T. y LI, Q. (2005). Cyber-Harassment: A Study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265-77

BERAN, T. y Li, Q. (2007). The relationship between Cyberbullying and school bullying. Journal of Student Wellbeing, 1(2), 15-33

BOWERS, L., SMITH, P. K. & BINNEY, V. (1994). Perceived family relationships of bullies, victims and bully/victims in middle childhood. Journal Soc. Personal Relationships, 11, 215-232.

CALMAESTRA, J., del REY, R., ORTEGA, R. & MORA-MERCHÁN J. A. (2010). Introdução ao cyberbullying. In T. Jäger, (Ed), Agir contra o Cyberbullying (M3). Landau: Verlag Empirische Padagogik. Retrieved from http://www.cybertraining-project.org/book/

CAMPBELL, M. (2005). Cyberbullying: An old problem in a new guise? Australian Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 15(1), 68-76. Retrieved from http://eprints.qut.edu.au/1925/1/1925.pdf

COWIE, H. (2013) El impacto emocional y las consecuencias del Ciberacoso. Convives, Revista Digital de la Asociación CONVIVES, 3, pp. 15-24

Del BARRIO, C. (2013). Experiencias de acoso y ciberacoso: autores, autoras, victimas y consideraciones para la prevención. Convives, Revista Digital de la Asociación CONVIVES, 3, pp. 25-33.

FINKELHOR, D., MITCHELL, K. J. & WOLAK, J. (2000). Online victimization: A report on the nation´s youth. Alexandria, VA: National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.

HINDUJA, S. & PATCHIN, J.W. (2010). Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Suicide, Archives of Suicide Research, 14(3), 206-221

JÄGER, T., STELTER, C., AMADO, J., MATOS, A. & PESSOA, T. (Ed.) (2012). Cyberbullying - Um manual de formação de pais. Landau: Verlag Empirische Pädagogik. Retrieved from: http://ct4p.zepf.eu/manual-pt.pdf

KATZER, C. (2007). Gefahr aus dem Netz. Der Internet-Chatroom als neuer Tatort für Bullying und sexuelle Viktimisierung von Kindern und Jugendlichen. Unveröff. Dissertation, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Köln.

KATZER, C. & FETCHENHAUER, D. (2007). Cyberbullying: Aggression und sexuelle Viktimisierung in Chatrooms. In M. Gollwitzer, J. Pfetsch, V. Schneider, A. Schulz, T. Steffke, & C. Ulrich (Hg.), Gewaltprävention bei Kindern und Jugendlichen. Band I: Grundlagen zu Aggression und Gewalt in Kindheit und Jugend (pp. 123-138). Göttingen: Hogrefe

LI, Q. (2006). Cyberbullying in schools: A research of gender differences. School Psychology International, 27, 157–170.

LI, Q. (2007). Bullying in the new playground:Research into cyberbullying and cyber victimisation. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 23(4), 435–454.

LI, Q. (2010). Cyberbullying in High Schools: A Study of Students’ Behaviors and Beliefs about This New Phenomenon. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 19(4), 372-392. Retrieved from http://new.csriu.org/cyberbully/docs/cbctpresentation.pdf

PESSOA, T., AMADO, J., MATOS, A,. VIEIRA, C. (2012). Cyberbullying - university students’ voices and narratives and teachers’ challenges. ATEE Winter Conference – 2-4 April. (p. 145). University of Coimbra. Abstract Book:

MENESINI,E., NOCENTINI,A., PALLADINO,B.E., FRISEN,A., BERNE, S., ORTEGA-RUIZ, R., CALMAESTRAI,J., SCHEITHAUER,H., SCHULTZE-KRUMBHOLZ, P., NARUSKOV,M.A., BLAYA, C., BERTHAUD, J. Y SMITH,P.(2012). Cyberbullying Definition among Adolescents: A Comparison across six European Countries. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 00,00, 1-9.

NEWEY, K.A. & MAGSON, N. (2010). A critical Review of the current Cyber Bullying Research: Definitional, Theorical and Methodological Issues. Where do we go from here? Paper presented at AARE International Research in Education Conference, Melbourne, Australia Retrieved from http://publications.aare.edu.au/10pap/2521NeweyMagson.pdf

O’CONNELL, P., PEPLER, D. & CRAIG, W. (1999). Peer involvement in bullying: insights and chellanges for intervention. Journal of Adolescence, 22(4), 437-452.

OLWEUS, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford: Blackwell.

OLIVER, C. & CANDAPPA, M. (2003). Tackling bullying: Listening to the views of children and young people. Department for Education and Skills, Nottingham, England.

ORTEGA, R. & MORA-MERCHÁN, J. A. (2000). Violencia Escolar: Mito o Realidad. Sevilla: Mergablum.

ORTEGA, R., CALMAESTRA, J., & MORA-MERCHÁN, J. A.
(2008). Cyberbullying. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 8(2), 183-192.

ORTEGA, R., ELIPE, P., MORA-MERCHÁN, J.A., CALMAESTRA, J. & VEGA, E. (2009). The emotional impact on victims of traditional bullying and cyberbullying. A study of Spanish adolescents. Zeitschrift für Psychologie/Journal of Psychology, 217(4), 197-204.

ORTEGA, R., ELIPE, P., MORA-MERCHÁN, J. A., GENTA, M.L., BRIGHI, A., SMITH, P., THOMPSON, F. & TIPPETT, N. (2012). The Emotional Impact of Bullying and Cyberbullying onVictims: A European Cross-National Study. Aggressive Behavior, 38, 342-356.

PARKS, P. (2013). Cyber bullying. SanDiego: ReferencePointPress

PRICE, M. & DALGLEISH, J. (2010). Cyberbullying: Experiences, impacts and coping strategies as described by Australian young people. Youth Studies Australia, 29(2), 58.

RASKAUSKAS, J. & STOLTZ, A. D. (2007). Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 43, 564-575.

SALMIVALLI C., LAGERSPETZ, K., BJÖRKQVIST, K., ÖSTERMAN, K. & KAUKIAINEN, A. (1996). Bullying as a group process: Participant roles and their relations to social status within the group. Aggressive Behavior, 22(1), 1-15.

SALMIVALLI, C., VOETEN, M. & PORSKIPARTA, E. (2011). Bystanders Matter: Association between reinforcing, defending and frequency of bullying behavior in classrroms. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 40(5), 668-676

SLONJE, R. & SMITH, P. K. (2008). Cyberbullying: Another main type of bullying?Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49,147-154

SMITH, P. K., MAHDAVI, J., CARVALHO, C. & TIPPETT, N. (2006). An investigation into cyberbullying, its forms, awareness and impact, and the relationship between age and gender in cyberbullying. A Report to the Anti-Bullying Alliance. Retrieved from http://www.education.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/RBX03-06.pdf

SMITH, P. K., MAHDAVI, J., CARVALHO, M., FISHER, S., RUSSELL, S. & TIPPETT, N. (2008). Cyberbullying, its forms and impact on secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49,376-385.

YBARRA, M. L., DIENER-WEST, M. & LEAF, P. J. (2007). Examining the overlap in internet harassment and school bullying: implications for school intervention. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 42-50.

YBARRA, M.L. & MITCHELL, K J. (2004).Online aggressor/ targets, aggressors, and targets: a comparison of associated youth characteristics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(7), 1308–1316

WILLARD, N. (2005). Educator’s guide to cyberbullying and cyberthreats. Recuperado de http://www.accem.org/pdf/cbcteducator.pdf [consultado august 2012]

WOLAK,J., MITCHELL, K. & FINKELHOR, D, (2006) VOnline Victimization of Youth: Five Years later. New Hampshire: NATIONAL CENTER FOR MISSING & EXPLOITED CHILDREN.ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. http://www.missingkids.com/en_US/publications/NC167.pdf