Influence of dog presence on the tolerance and evaluation of aversive stimulation

Laura Sodré Galvão Garcia, Isabela Zaine, Camila Domeniconi

Abstract/Resumen

This study aimed to investigate the effects of the presence of a domestic dog in the evaluation and tolerance of auditory aversive stimulation. Eighteen undergraduate college students participated. We analysed the latency of escape response from the aversive sounds and evaluation of the session through a semantic differential in three conditions: no distractors, a book of paintings as a distractor, and a dog as a distractor. Latency of escape response  was significantly higher in the presence of a dog and participants also evaluated the session more positively, suggesting that dogs can positively affect the perception of an aversive stimulation. 


Keywords/Palabras clave


tolerance of aversive stimulation; human-animal relationship; dog; animal-assisted intervention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allen, K.M., Blascovich, J., Tomaka, J., and Kelsey, R.M. 1991. Presence of human friends and pet dogs as moderators of autonomic responses to stress in women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61(4): 582-589, doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.61.4.582

Allen, K., Blascovich, J., Wendy, B., and Mendes, R.S. 2002. Cardiovascular reactivity and the presence of pets, friends, and spouses: the truth about cats and dogs. Psychosomatic Medicine 64: 727–739, doi: 10.1097/01

Axelsson, E., Ratnakumar, A., Arendt, M.L., Maqbool, K., Webster, M., Perloski, M., Liberg, O., Armeno, J.M., Hedhammar, A. and Lindblad-Toh, K. 2013. The genomic signature of dog domestication reveals adaptation to a starch-rich diet. Nature 495: 360–364, doi: 10.1038/nature11837

Beetz, A., Kotrschal, K., Turner, D.C., Hediger, K., Uvnäs-Moberg, and K. Julius, H. 2011. The effect of a real dog, toy dog and friendly person on insecurely attached children during a stressful task: an exploratory study. Anthrozoos 24: 349-368, doi: 10.2752/175303711X13159027359746

Berglund, B., Lindvall, T., and Schwela, D. H. 1999. Guidelines for community noise. World Health Organization, Geneva.

Brickel, C.M. 1982. Pet-facilitated psychotherapy: a theoretical explanation via attention shifts. Psychological Reports 50: 71-74, doi: 10.2466/pr0.1982.50.1.71

Brodie, S.J., and Biley, F.C. 1999. An exploration of the potential benefits of pet-facilitated therapy. Journal of Clinical Nursing 8(4): 329–337. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2702.1999.00255.x

Catania, A. C. 2007. Learning. Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY: Sloan.

Cooper, J.O., Heron, T.E., and Heward, W.L. 2007. Applied behavior analysis. (2nd edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Cox, T.J. 2007. The effect of visual stimuli on the horribleness of awful sounds. Applied Acoustics 69(8): 691-703, doi: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2007.02.010

Cox, T.J. 2008. Scraping sounds and disgusting noises. Applied Acoustics 69: 1195-1204, doi: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2007.11.004

De Mello, L.R. 1999 The effect of the presence of a companion-animal on physiological changes following the termination of cognitive stressors. Psychology & Health 12: 859–868, doi: 10.1080/08870449908407352

De Mello, M. 2012. Animal and society: an introduction to human-animal studies. Columbia University Press.

Eddy, T.J. 1996. RM and Beaux: Reductions in cardiac activity in response to a pet snake. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 184(9): 573-575.

Halpern, D.L., Blake, R. & Hillenbrand, J. 1986. Psychoacoustics of a chilling sound. Perception & Psychophysics 39 (2): 77-80.

Hoffmann, A.O.M., Lee, A.H., Wertenauer, F., Ricken, R., Jansen, J.J., Gallinat, J. and Lang, U.E. 2009. Dog-assisted intervention significantly reduces anxiety in hospitalized patients with major depression. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 1: 145–148, doi: 10.1016/j.eujim.2009.08.002

House, J. S. 1981. Work stress and social support. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Hunt, M. and Chizkov, R. 2014. Are therapy dogs like Xanax? does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy? Anthrozoös 27 (3): 457-469, doi 10.2752/175303714X14023922797959

Kanfer, F.H., and Goldfoot, D.A. 1966. Self-control and tolerance of noxious stimulation. Psychological Reports 18: 79-85, doi: 10.2466/pr0.1966.18.1.79

Kotrschal K., Ortbauer B. 2003. Behavioral effects of the presence of a dog in a classroom. Anthrozoös 16: 147–159 doi: 10.2752/089279303786992170

Larson, G., Karlsson, E.K., Perria, A., Webster, M.T., Ho, S.Y.W., Peters, J., Stahl, P.W., Piper, P.J., Lingaas, F., Fredholm, M., Comstock, K,E., Modiano, J.F., Schelling, C., Agoulnik, A.I., Leegwater, P.A., Dobney, K., Vignes, J-D., Vilàt, C., Anderssond, L. and Lindblad-Tohb, K. 2012. Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(23): 8878-8883, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1203005109

Martin, F., and Farnum, J. 2002. Animal-assisted therapy for children with pervasive developmental disorders. Western Journal of Nursing Research 24(6): 657–670, doi: 10.1177/019394502320555403

Neumann, D.L., Waters, A.M. and Westbury, H.R. 2008. The use of an unpleasant sound as the unconditional stimulus in aversive Pavlovian conditioning experiments that involve children and adolescent participants. Behavior Research Methods 40 (2): 622-625, doi: 10.3758/BRM.40.2.622.

Odendaal, J.S.J. 1999. A physiological basis for animal-facilitated psychotherapy. PhD thesis, University of Pretoria.

Odendaal, J.S.J. 2000. Animal assisted therapy: magic or medicine? Journal of Psychosomatic Research 49(4): 275-280, doi: 10.1016/s0022-3999(00)00183-5

Oken, B.S., Chamine, I. and Wakeland, W. 2014. A Systems approach to stress, stressors and resilience in humans. Behavioural brain research 282: 144-154, doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2014.12.047

Osgood, C.E., Suci, G.J. and Tannenbaum, P.H. 1957. The measurement of meaning. University of Illinois: Urbana.

Peyron, R., Garcia-Larrea, L., Gregoire, M.C., Costes, N., Convers, P., Lavenne, F., Mau-guiere, F., Michel, D., and Laurent, B. 1999. Haemodynamic brain responses to acute pain in humans: sensory and attentional networks. Brain 122: 1765– 1780, doi: 10.1093/brain/122.9.1765

Prothmann, A., Ettrich, C. & Prothmann, S. 2009. Preference of, and responsiveness to people, dogs and objects in children with autism. Anthrozoos 22: 161–171.

Sams, N. J., Fortney, E. V. & Willenbring, S. 2006. Occupational therapy incorporating animals for children with autism: a pilot investigation. American Journal of Occupational Therapy 60(3): 268-274.

Savalli, C. and Ades, C. (2015). Benefícios que o convívio com um animal de estimação pode promover para a saúde e bem estar do ser humano. In: Marie Odile Monier Chelini; Emma Otta. (Org.). Terapia Assistida por Animais, Barueri , SP, pp. 23-43.

Siegel, J.M. 1990. Stressful life events and use of physician services among the elderly: The moderating role of pet ownership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58: 1081– 1086.

Tajadura-Jiménez, A., Väljamäe, A., Asutay, E., and Västfjäll, D. 2010. Embodied auditory perception: the emotional impact of approaching and receding sound sources. Emotion 10: 216-229, doi: 10.1037/a0018422

Virues-Ortega, J., and Buela-Casal, G. 2006. Psychophysiological effects of human–animal interaction: theoretical issues and long-term interaction effects. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases 194(1): 52–57, doi: 10.1097/01.nmd.0000195354.03653.63

Vormbrock, J.K., and Grossberg, J.M. 1988. Cardiovascular effects of human-pet dog interactions. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 11: 509–517, doi: 10.1007/bf00844843

Wells, D.L. 2005. The effect of videotapes of animals on cardiovascular responses to stress. Stress and Health 21: 209–213, doi: 10.1002/smi.1057

Wolff, A.I. and Frishman, W.H. 2004. Animal-assisted therapy in cardiovascular disease. Seminars in Integrative Medicine 2: 4, 131-134

Zald, D.H. and Pardo, J.V. 2001. The neural correlates of aversive auditory stimulation. NeuroImage 16: 746-753, doi:10.1006/nimg.2002.1115




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21071/pbs.v0i2.4002

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Laura Sodré Galvão Garcia, Isabela Zaine, Camila Domeniconi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN:2445-2874

Published by University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain

Licencia de Creative Commons

Pet Behaviour Science journal is published under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional License.