septiembre 2021

Functional metaproteomic analysis of alcohol vinegar microbiota during an acetification process: A quantitative proteomic approach

Juan J. Román-Camacho, Juan C. Mauricio, Inés M. Santos-Dueñas, Teresa García-Martínez, Isidoro García-García


• The natural behaviour of alcohol vinegar microbiota was studied by using LC-MS/MS. • The proteome function of K. europaeus as an approach to represent the metaproteome. • Metabolism of amino acids and biosynthesis of proteins prevailed during loading phase. • Energy production related-pathways increased their activity during loading phase. • Synthetic alcohol medium as reference for comparison with other acetification works.


Vinegar is elaborated using a semi-continuous submerged culture of a complex microbiota of acetic acid bacteria. The genus Komagataeibacter provides much of the proteins of the metaproteome, being K. europaeus the main species working in this environment. In this work, the protein profile of the vinegar microbiota, obtained by means of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in samples from different cycle times of an acetification process using an alcohol medium, has been used to describe the functional metaproteome throughout the process. The analysis was focused on Komagataeibacter species which supplied about 90% of the metaproteome and particularly K. europaeus which accounts for more than 70%. According to these results, the natural behaviour of a microbial community in vinegar has been predicted at a quantitative proteomic level. The results revealed that most of the identified proteins involved in the metabolism of amino acids, biosynthesis of proteins, and energy production related-metabolic pathways increased their expression throughout the cycle loading phase and afterwards experimented a decrease coming into play other proteins acting against acetic acid stress. These findings may facilitate a better understanding of the microbiota’s role and contributing to obtain a quality product.