‘The City of Abraham’s Children’: The Religious Communities of Damascus in the Late 7th A.H./13th A.D. Century

Musaed Alenezi, Numan Jubran


This article discusses the relationships between the three Abrahamic faith communities (Jews, Christians and Muslims) of Damascus during the late 7th A.H./13th A.D. century, employing a textual research study, through the collation and critical review of a range of reference sources; historical and contemporaneous observations, personal narratives and accounts. Preliminary research results attest to a generally congenial co-existence between the religious groups that was occasionally disrupted by inter-communal clashes. Later disturbances occurred between Christians and Muslims communities as a consequence of the Mongol invasion of the city and the later Christian Crusaders. The Abrahamic theological commonality largely tied the three monotheistic religious traditions together in a loose triumvirate social coalition. Despite Muslim political dominance being firmly established, the jizyā was not enforced as an obligation on non-Muslims during the Caliphate period. Muslim hegemony remained throughout a number of inter-religious dissents and intrigues due to a measurable success in Muslim politico-economic policies. These political manoeuvres appear to be significant factors in a religious tri-existence in which each community largely supported the status quo. This study then, explores some of the historical events and activities that contributed to this particular period in Damascus’ history.

Palabras clave/Keywords

Christians; Muslims; Jewish; Abraham's Children; Damasco; Jerusalem;

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21071/cco.v19i0.1205

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UCOPress. Editorial Universidad de Córdoba (UCOPress. Cordoba University Press)

ISSN: 2386-7442

ROR Universidad de Córdoba: https://ror.org/05yc77b46