El desarrollo de independencia de personas que viven con demencia mientras participan en una actividad de pintura artística

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Eduardo González Cabañes
Penelope L. Kuhn
Sara Ortega-Merino
Ana M. Ullán de la Fuente
Lawrence Herringer
Shane Price
Carla Saldaña
Lucy Madden
Anna Bartel
Estela Rojo-Hernández

Resumen

Este estudio exploró los efectos de la práctica y el espaciamiento de la práctica en personas que viven con demencia durante una actividad de pintura artística. Vídeos de 23 participantes fueron sistemáticamente observados durante su primera y cuarta sesión de la actividad. Se analizaron las mejoras de los participantes desde la primera sesión a la cuarta sesión, en base a las expresiones de independencia, involucración con la actividad y bienestar/malestar. Además, se comparó si un grupo que había practicado tres veces por semana (n = 12) mejoraba más que un grupo que había practicado una vez por semana (n = 13). Los participantes se volvieron más independientes a medida que practicaban, pero el espaciamiento de las sesiones no mostró ningún efecto significativo. Los participantes con demencia severa mostraron mayores mejoras en la independencia que los participantes con demencia de leve a moderada, aunque requirieron mucha más asistencia durante todo el estudio. La observación de altas tasas de participación activa y expresiones de bienestar sugieren que las actividades de pintura artística promueven la motivación y el bienestar de los participantes, incluidos aquellos en la etapa severa de la demencia.

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González Cabañes, E., Kuhn, P. L., Ortega-Merino, S., Ullán de la Fuente, A. M., Herringer, L., Price, S., Saldaña, C., Madden, L., Bartel, A., & Rojo-Hernández, E. (2022). El desarrollo de independencia de personas que viven con demencia mientras participan en una actividad de pintura artística. Psychology, Society & Education, 14(2), 29-38. https://doi.org/10.21071/psye.v14i2.14160
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