Estabilidad de la cibervictimización en la pareja y ajuste psicológico en adolescentes: un estudio longitudinal

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María-Luisa Rodríguez-deArriba
Noelia Muñoz-Fernández
Virginia Sánchez-Jiménez

Resumen

El efecto de la cibervictimización en la pareja sobre el ajuste adolescente ha sido poco estudiado. El presente estudio analizó el impacto de la frecuencia y estabilidad de la cibervictimización en el comportamiento antisocial, sintomatología ansiosa-depresiva y control del estrés de chicos y chicas adolescentes. En el estudio, 453 estudiantes españoles con edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 19 años (52.5% chicas) con experiencia sentimental completaron los cuestionarios en un estudio longitudinal de dos tiempos separados por un intervalo de seis meses. La cibervictimización predijo un peor control del estrés. En cuanto a la estabilidad, se encontraron cuatro grupos de cibervictimización: no cibervíctimas, cibervíctimas pasadas, cibervíctimas recientes y cibervíctimas estables. Los resultados indicaron que las cibervíctimas recientes empeoraron sus niveles de comportamiento antisocial y sintomatología ansiosa-depresiva. Las cibervíctimas estables mostraron peores puntuaciones en todas las variables del estudio de manera mantenida en el tiempo. Este estudio resalta el impacto que la cibervictimización tiene en el ajuste psicológico de los jóvenes y plantea la necesidad de desarrollar intervenciones psicoeducativas dirigidas a prevenir la cibervictimización en la pareja.

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Rodríguez-deArriba, M.-L., Muñoz-Fernández, N., & Sánchez-Jiménez, V. (2022). Estabilidad de la cibervictimización en la pareja y ajuste psicológico en adolescentes: un estudio longitudinal. Psychology, Society & Education, 14(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.21071/psye.v14i2.14215
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