Ockham’s Theory of Sensitive Cognition and Non- Human Animal Rationality

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Lydia Deni Gamboa

Abstract

For Ockham, every animal has a sensitive soul, in virtue of which it can have sensitive desires, sensitive intuitive cognitions, and sensitive abstractive cognitions. Among the latter cognitions, there are sensitive representations, acts of common sense and memories. This article reconstructs Ockham’s theory of animal cognition. The reconstruction shows that Ockham ascribes to animals the capacity of representing different properties of singular things, an episodic memory, a procedural memory and a certain sort of illusion. Since some sensitive representations are equivalent to mental propositions, according to Ockham, non-human animals can judge and form syllogisms.>

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