Ph.D. Student: Amelia Zafra
Advisors: Sebastián Ventura
Defended on: October 2009
Keywords: multiple instance learning, genetic programming
Digital version 


This work focuses on the design of grammatical genetic programming models for solving different paradigm of learning applications with multiple instances.

First, we review the status of art of this learning. Following this review, we find that almost all learning paradigms used in machine learning have been extended to this paradigm, but there are no proposals of Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) in this learning framework. EAs are a good alternative in different learning paradigms which have been applied, the large number of publications appeared since its appearance is an evidence of this popularity. In this work grammatical genetic programming methods both mono-and multi-objective are introduced for the resolution of different applications. In first place, an experimental study using benchmark data sets is carried out to demonstrate their effectiveness with respect to the most relevant proposals done over the years. Then, the models are applied over two real problems: web index page recommendation and prediction of a student’s academic performance considering the work developed in the educational platform; these problems approached from a traditional supervised learning contain many missing values making difficult the correct classification. Using MIL, we seek a more flexible representation to solve them.


The development of this thesis was supported by:

  • Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology, projects TIN2008-06681-C05-02 and TIN2008-06681-C06-03.
  • Regional Government of Andalusia, project P08-TIC-3720.
  • Spanish Ministry of Education under the FPU program (AP2005-01746)


  1. A. Zafra, C. Romero, S. Ventura and E. Herrera-Viedma. Multi-instance genetic programming for web index recommendation. Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 36(9), pp. 11470-11479. 2009.
  2. A. Zafra and S. Ventura. G3P-MI: A genetic programming algorithm for multiple instance learning. Information Sciences, vol. 180(23), pp. 4496-4513. 2010.
  1. A. Zafra and S. Ventura. Multi-objective Genetic Programming for Multiple Instance Learning. ECML 2007, pp. 790-797. 2007.
  2. A. Zafra, S. Ventura, E. Herrera-Viedma, C. Romero. Multiple Instance Learning with Genetic Programming for Web Mining.IWANN 2007, pp. 919-927. 2007.
  3. A. Zafra, E.L. Gibaja and S. Ventura. Multiple Instance Learning with MultiObjective Genetic Programming for Web Mining.HIS 2008, pp. 513-518. 2008.
  4. A. Zafra and S. Ventura. Predicting Student Grades in Learning Management Systems with Multiple Instance Learning Genetic Programming. EDM 2009, pp. 309-318. 2009.
  5. A. Zafra and S. Ventura. Comparison of Multi-objective Grammar-Guided Genetic Programming Methods to Multiple Instance Learning. ISDA 2009, pp. 1120-1125. 2009.
  6. A. Zafra, C. Romero and S. Ventura. Predicting Academic Achievement Using Multiple Instance Genetic Programming.HAIS 2009, pp. 450-458. 2009.
  7. A. Zafra. Multi-Instance Learning with MultiObjective Genetic Programming. Encyclopedia of Data Warehousing and Mining 2009, pp. 1372-1379. 2009.

At the ages of fifty four fifty can advise you that I'onal ended up lucky not to have wanted the product sooner, nevertheless loosing your partner of 25yrs 2010 became a curve which modified me personally for a long time. Now there came out a place exactly where click to read fifty had visit to have my tastes fulfilled only to find out this plumbing related desired just a little poke. So I questioned my own Computer system doc intended for a little something with tiny facet is affecting. He or she provided the particular recommended you read Cialis regular 5mg. 1st working day fifty had 5mg without any help to discover more help in the event that t discovered virtually any difference considering the woman never was planning determine, which'azines our system and also l'meters being dedicated to the idea. Regardless, these materials Operates, along with is useful. And click here then up coming night time with your ex m took 10mg at 8pm, and the rest is heritage. Through 13:double zero fifty manufactured my own move, but it appeared to be the most element to live in place until finally the sunlight came up upward , 100%Pleased :)When i't thirty-two as well as gone pretty much 1,5 years without intercourse. I had created pop over to this website plenty of anxiousness related penile erection challenges. And hop over to here then We found this specific great which woman My spouse and i started courting, along with first 2 times us all sex didn'to determine which properly, and i also appeared to be worried about just what exactly your woman considered this matter. We obtained braveness to visit and request cialis approved from the health practitioner. When i had taken 10mg product and it labored perfectly. I could truthfully continue on having sex many times a day without the problems. Merely bad thing is a smallish frustration. For me this can be truly a wonder drug.